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South African Level 4 detailed briefing



ebrahim patel

The South African Government has explained that as much as 40% of SA workers could be allowed to get back to work under restrictions to the lockdown next month, though everything depends on keeping virus transmission as low as possible.

Minister of Cooperative Governance and Traditional Affairs Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma and Minister of Trade and Industry Ebrahim Patel provided a detailed briefing from Pretoria on the classification of industries as part of the risk-adjusted strategy on reopening the economy as announced by President Cyril Ramaphosa on Thursday.

The lockdown in its current form will end from 1 May, with the country heading to level 4.

Dlamini-Zuma, who spoke first, said that if the virus started speeding up too much, then the country would be heading back to the current level, level 5, very quickly.

“If the numbers go up, we go back to level 5. If they go down, we may go to level 3.”

Dlamini-Zuma said that the lockdown in its current form would remain largely unchanged, with just a few more businesses allowed to operate.

Patel, who took to the podium after her, said she had set out the overall framework of how people would be returning to work (which you can read more about below).

He said the new alert system would be used along with an industrial classification system and new public health measures.

“The purpose of the new approach is to calibrate the level of risk with levels of economic activities. We want to open as much as possible depending on risk.”

He said four factors were relevant to opening a sector, the first being the risk of spread.

The second would be the expected impact of continued lockdown on the sector.

Third was each sector’s GDP contribution and the economic linkage of each sector to the broader economy.

The promotion of community wellbeing was the fourth factor.

“It’s not everybody back to work on the same day. It will be phased in.”

He called on all people to do their part to bring the risk levels down.

“We can all play a role in doing so.”

Larger companies would help to test workers for Covid-19 infection, which would feed into national data to hopefully lower the overall estimation of risk nationally.

“We want to enable workplaces themselves to get ready for Covid. We need to brace ourselves that the virus is still going to be active for the next six to eight months. The workplaces themselves need to be changed.”

On May 1, international Labour Day, more retail would be opened.

“The virus doesn’t move. People move.

“In moving from level 5 to level 4, if we move too fast we risk more people getting infected. If we move too slow, we risk parts of the economy being damaged too much.”

He said the proposal to sectors had followed discussions with business and labour, as well as more general comments.

Patel said there were already many sectors currently being allowed under level 5, and they would continue.

“We will be adding to that list.”

He estimated that about 1.5 million more South Africans would be allowed to leave their homes to go back to work from May 1.

“More than four out of 10 workers will be back at work in phased ways,” he said, adding that education was also being included.

Patel said the focus would be on primary sectors initially.

“We can stress test the system, see what works and doesn’t, and pilot the new system.”

Agriculture, forestry and fishing would reopen as entirely as a sector, with the required social distancing and sanitation measures.

Manufacturing would be reopened, but not to 100% at first. It would be progressively reopened. He said only 20% of all manufacturing workers would resume work, but some sections of the sector would start with more than 20%, including children’s clothing, winter clothing and bedding; computers and mobile phones; cars and car components; construction and the raw materials involved; “and of course stationery requirements”.

There would be some additional reopening of retail.

“We recognise that shops are a great vector of transmission. We want to appeal that visits to shops be kept short and as infrequent as possible.”

The categories to be expanded included children’s clothing, tobacco products, heaters and ICT equipment (computers, mobile phones, home office equipment).

However, alcohol sales would still be disallowed under level 4.

For mining, a new addition would be for those working in open-cast mining to be returned to 50% and then to 100%.

Professional services would be resumed in certain key areas, including in recycling and call centres.

Construction would have several expanded activities.

Restaurants and takeaways would be opened for delivery only, subject to curfew times.

“The food goes to the customer. No one will go to the restaurant to sit down or to fetch the food.”

Patel said this would be an opportunity to create a food takeaway network in the townships too.

The minister called on South Africans to support local industries and locally made products.

Detailed documents would be disseminated to the public through the media over the weekend so that people could be more informed, and for people to give their feedback and helpful suggestions.

Over the course of the week, once feedback had been considered, the regulations for level 4 would then be gazetted.

What NDZ explained

Dlamini-Zuma had called on South Africans to continue to observe the precautions to avoid overwhelming the health service with people needing treatment for Covid-19.

“It’s all in our hands. We can only ease the lockdown if we all play our part.”

The minister recognised that the virus had exposed the country’s inequalities and vulnerability, which she said was also a legacy of apartheid spatial planning.

She explained that interprovincial would still not be allowed except for special circumstances, such as returning to a job or educational institution, or going to a funeral.

In a slide, she showed that most of South Africa was still not showing high numbers, which was why interprovincial travel would be limited.

“We don’t want the whole country to turn red.”

She said the orange parts were second worst, followed by yellow and then blue. If the country could be turned blue in its entirety, then life could be allowed to largely go back to normal, at level 1.

The challenge was that the places where the map was red was where most people lived and where most economic activity occurred.

The virus is concentrated in certain metros.

Visiting friends, neighbours and relatives at their homes would still not be allowed.

“Exercise will be allowed under very strict conditions. Organised sport, gyms, walking or jogging are not allowed.”

Any organised exercise activity would still be excluded, however, and recreational facilities would still be closed.

Dlamini-Zuma said that in future certain parts of the country would be on one level, with others on different levels, but for now everyone was going to level 4.

She said that there would be a curfew for people who would now be allowed to work. “When you go to work, the sanitisers must be there. At home, wash with soap. When you enter transport, you must sanitise.”

The minister said it would be mandatory for people to wear a cloth mask if they set foot outside their homes. A scarf or other item would also be acceptable.

“You have to have your nose and mask covered in public.”

She explained that she had taken off her mask while delivering her message because the SABC had not been able to hear her.

“Social distancing will remain critical. If a business cannot observe all the health protocols, it should not open.”

All gatherings, including religious ones, would still not be allowed, except for funerals.

The minister of transport would announce changes to transport allowances in each of the levels. E-hailing would be allowed at the same level as level 5, along with the limits to private transport.

“Three in a car, not more. A taxi not more than 70%.”

With the reopening of the economy, industries were evaluated according to the risk of transmission in each sector, as well as the risk to each sector of staying closed. “We also looked at each sector according to the value they bring to the economy. We also looked at the promotion of community wellbeing and the lives of the vulnerable.”

People would have to be allowed to buy things like clothing and blankets for winter, as well as blankets.

“If you get flu and coronavirus, it’s not good news.”

She then presented a brief summary of how the alert levels could be understood.

“If we keep to all the things we are meant to do, we might stay on level 4 and could even go to level 3. We want to get to level 1, where there’s low spread and high readiness”.


“We need to increase our testing. It’s better that the proportion of those who are tested don’t test positive too much.”

According to the World Health Organisation (WHO) and South Africa’s own experts, people should work from home if they could.

Those aged 60 or above would need to work from home as much as possible, and not go out, though she said they were only “suggesting” this.

She said younger people were more likely not to be badly affected by the virus, or even to show symptoms at all. People with comorbidities (other health conditions) would also need to take extra care as they are at a higher risk of dying.

The use of biometric scanners would have to be discontinued if the scanners were not carefully disinfected before each use.

Dlamini-Zuma spoke about ongoing concerns about behaviour at funerals that were heightening the risk of viral spread. People were using the same shovels, spoons and engaging in other practices that would need to be changed.

“If we wash hands in one basin, we may be putting coronavirus in the basin, and other people may get it.”

As for the conditions for businesses to get back to work, she presented a slide that said: “In addition to generally applicable health and safety protocols, each sector must agree upon a Covid-19 prevention and mitigation plan, approved by the minister of health and any other minister relevant to the sector.”

She said touching was now a thing of the past.

“Individual businesses or workplaces must have Covid-19 risk assessments and plans in place, and must conduct worker education on Covid-19 and protection measures:

    • Identification and protection of vulnerable employees
    • Safe transport of employees
    • Screening of employees on entering the workplace
    • Prevention of viral spread in the workplace
    • Hand sanitisers and face masks
    • Cleaning of surfaces and shared equipment
    • Good ventilation
    • Shift arrangements and canteen controls
    • Managing sick employees

“Monitoring systems must be in place to (1) ensure compliance with safety protocols and (2) identify infections among employees.”

She said mass testing should be carried out for workplaces of more than 500 workers.

“We will be putting out regulations,” she said, adding that sectors would be allowed to give their input.

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Legendary Footballer George Shaya Dies At Age 77



Legendary Footballer George Shaya Dies At Age 77

George ‘Mastermind’ Shaya, a five time Soccer Star of the Year and one of the most celebrated soccer legends has died.

He was 77.

Shaya died early on Tuesday morning at his home in Glen Norah A, Harare.

Shaya is among some of the most celebrated yesteryear footballers to have played for Dynamos FC and the Zimbabwe national team.

Popularly known as Mastermind, Shaya turned out for Dynamos during his playing days.

In his illustrious career, Shaya won the Soccer Star of the Year five times; 1969, 1972, 1975, 1976, and 1977, a record which is still to be replicated by any player in history.

The Mastermind passed on barely two weeks after it was announced that a documentary of his legendary career, as one of the most celebrated yesteryear footballers, would be premiered.

At the time of his death, Shaya was walking with the aid of crutches after his left leg was amputated last year.

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Chinese firm unveils US$20m Mining, Agric Loan Facility in Zimbabwe



Chinese firm unveils Us$2om Mining, Agric Loan Facility in Zimbabwe

Chinese firm, Lovol International Construction Machinery Group, has unveiled a US$20 million equipment loan facility to benefit youths and women in the mining and agricultural sectors.

Lovol, represented by its regional director for East and Southern Africa Mr Terry Song, signed a memorandum of Understanding with the Affirmative Action Group (AAG) represented by its president Mr Mike Chimombe to provide mining and farming equipment, including tractors, electric tricycles, combine harvesters, planters, irrigation equipment, solar systems and electric cars.

The company showcased some of the machinery during the signing ceremony in Harare yesterday.

Mr Song said the company will be supporting the Government of Zimbabwe in growing the country’s economy in line with Vision 2030.

“We have the appetite to change the complexion of the economy and we realise that Zimbabweans have got a lot of potential and a missing link was the equipment. Hence we brought in the solution in terms of the equipment. The equipment that we have will certainly be able to give the solution. We have brought equipment that works for agriculture, mining and even road construction. These MoUs we have signed will go a long way in achieving vision 2030.

“Lovol is one of the biggest group in China. We have all kinds of equipment be it mining, agriculture, energy and green power as well. We intend to invest in Zimbabwe to complement Government’s efforts to achieve vision 2030 through capacitating the productive sectors of the country’s economy. Zimbabwe has abundant resources which are untapped, hence the need to bring the equipment to harness the vast mineral resources.”

Mr Terry said China was committed to make Zimbabwe an economic hub. “Together we can make Zimbabwe great.”

He also said that his company will also bring experts to Zimbabwe to service the machinery.

AAG sourced the equipment on behalf of the youths and women in mining and agriculture and will identify the particular individuals and groups who qualify for the equipment.

AAG vice president in charge of operations Mr Munyaradzi Kashambe said: “The signing of the MoU is in line with Vision 2030 .

“As the AAG we are of the strong conviction that the dream of an upper middle income economy by 2030 is indeed achievable earlier than that if we as Zimbabwe remain united and put all hands on deck and support our President. The AAG also believes in the potential of mining and agriculture as the backbone of our economy,” said Mr Kashambe.


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The coming in of Lovol is one of the fruits of President Mnangagwa’s engagement and re-engagement thrust and the policy of ensuring Zimbabwe is open for business.

“Let us all support the President’s Vision 2030 and make Zimbabwe great as per his dream. We urge all entrepreneurs to take advantage of the unending opportunities which the Second Republic has unveiled across all sectors.

“Through this partnership the US$12 billion mining economy by 2023 is indeed achievable. This deal benefits all women, youths and every Zimbabwe who are serious about the country’s economic development and Vision 2030 in general.

“As the AAG we are thankful to the visionary leadership of President Mnangagwa and will not leave any stone unturned in supporting the great vision he has for our country,” he said.

Speaking at the same occasion, AAG vice president for women and minorities Ms Anastancia Ndhlovu said the MOU was a game-changer so far as the empowerment of women, and girls and students was concerned.

“They can now access equipment and be active participants in the lucrative male dominated mining and agriculture sectors and so contribute to the country’s economic revival agenda in line with Vision 2030 and the NDS1. I urge all women and students to take advantage of this facility to set up or grow their businesses,” said Ms Ndhlovu.

Read the original article on The Herald.

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Marange teen mother’s parents face arrest



POLICE yesterday said they had arrested Hatirarami Momberume, also known as Evans Momberume (26), following the alleged death of a 14-year-old minor on July 15 while giving birth at the Johane Marange Apostolic sect shrine in Mafararikwa, Manicaland.

Momberume is facing charges of rape or alternatively contravening section 70 of the code.

The police also said the minor’s parents were facing arrest for faking identity documents of their deceased daughter in a bid to conceal the crime.

The minor died after developing complications while giving birth at the shrine and the matter was concealed until early this month. According to police investigations, the deceased’s first name was Anna Machaya (15) although, she had been previously identified as Memory Machaya.

Police spokesperson Assistant Commissioner Paul Nyathi yesterday said that the deceased’s first name was Anna and not Memory as indicated in documents submitted by her parents.

Nyathi said girl’s parents sought to defeat the course of justice by submitting the birth certificate of deceased’s 22-year-old cousin, Memory in a vain attempt to protect the minor’s “rapist” husband Momberume.

Momberume was supposed to appear at Mutare Magistrates Court yesterday, but the matter was postponed to today.

Nyathi said police were pressing criminal charges against the deceased’s mother, Shy Mabika (36) and father Edmore Machaya (45) for obstructing the course of justice.

“Memory Machaya (22) is alive and is actually married to a man called Lameck Makonye alias Sigodhla (54) in Mhondoro. We want to tell Zimbabweans that the person who died is not Memory Machaya. The person who died is Anna Machaya. Memory is alive,” Nyathi said.

“It is clear they were hiding information and it is clear that they also produced fake documents in a bid to hide the death of Anna Machaya. Information that was being presented was now indicating as if Anna was born in 1999, meaning to say that the person by now is an adult, yet in actual fact, she was born in 2006 meaning to say by now she is 15 years old and was married off when she was a minor.

“The parents lied to the police that Anna Machaya was born on January 2, 1999. The mother went on to give police investigators a national identity card in a bid to prove that she was born on January 2, 1999. This was false. Investigations have revealed that the identity card produced to the police belonged to a namesake of the late minor, who is a daughter to Ernest Machaya. This is an uncle to the late Anna Machaya. It is through school records in Mhondoro that the police proved that the late Anna Machaya was born on July 5, 2006 to Edmore Machaya and Shy Mabika. The police have obtained the correct birth certificate copies in respect of Memory Machaya (22) and the late Anna Machaya (15). These are two different people.”

Nyathi appealed for more information on Johane Marange sect members marrying off minor children.

Machaya’s death triggered a global outcry from child rights defenders with the United Nations and several other non-governmental organisations calling on government to end child marriages. Yesterday, different girls from Johane Marange and Johane Masowe Apostolic sects pleaded with stakeholders during a virtual discussion by the Female Students Network to intervene and end early child marriages.

Apostolic sect member Moline Mukomawasha, a University of Zimbabwe student, opened up, saying she had witnessed several girls in the sect being married off.

“Sexual exploitation and the practice of cultural processes happen at apostolic sects, especially the Johane Marange sect,” Mukomawasha said.

“There is also the issue of the virginity tests which is done using unhygienic methods where fingers are inserted into a girl’s reproductive parts. Those that have lost their virginity are forced into marriage with the people that would have impregnated them.”

She said some young girls fell prey to older men during prayer sessions held at the shrines.

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